Primary Source Documents


Ancient and Medieval Documents

Aristotle on Slavery (c. 350 BC)
Excerpts from The Rule of St. Benedict, (c.530)
Excerpts from Beowulf (10th c.)
Excerpts from the Book of Deuteronomy
Diodorus Siculus’ Account of the First Servile War (c. 135–132 BC)

Excerpts from the Book of Genesis
Excerpts from The Gospel of Luke (1st c.)
Excerpts from the Letters of Paul (1st c.)
Plato, Euthyphro (c. 380 BC)
Polybius, Analysis of the Roman Government (c. 200 BC)
Excerpts from The Quran (7th c.)
Excerpts from The Gospel of Thomas (1st c.)
Pope Urban II Calls The First Crusade (1095)


Modern Documents

Jamal al-Din Al-Afghani's Response to Renan's Critique of Islam, (1883)
Bahithat al-Badiya,
Excerpts from "A Lecture in the Club of the Umma Party"(1909)
Jacques-Bénigne Bossuet, Excerpts from Politics Taken From the Very Words of Holy Scripture" (1679)
Edmund Burke, Excerpts from Reflections on the Revolution in France (1790)
Declaration of the Rights of Man and Citizen (1789)
Demet Demir,
Filipa de Souza Award Address (1997)
Frantz Fanon, excerpts from The Wretched of the Earth (1961)
The Haitian Declaration of Independence, (1804)
Adolf Hitler, Excerpts from Several Speeches (1923, 1930, 1932)
Documents on Women's Lives in Modern India (1986, 1975)
Documents on Japanese Imperialism (1882, 1890, 1921)
Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini, Speech Denouncing American Influence in Iran (1964)
V.I. Lenin, Excerpts from Selected Writings (1902, 1917)
Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels, Longer Excerpts from The Communist Manifesto  (1848)
Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels, Shorter Excerpts from The Communist Manifesto  (1848)
John Stuart Mill, Excerpts from On Liberty (1859)
Kwame Nkrumah, "Speech to the Organization of African Unity" (1963)
Woodrow Wilson, "
14 Points" (1918)
Louise Yim on the Japanese Occupation of Korea (1951)