Primary Source Documents

Ancient and Medieval Documents

Excerpts from the Annals of Ashurnasirpal II (9th c. BC)
Aristotle on the Athenian Constitution (c. 320s BC)
Aristotle on Slavery (c. 350 BC)

Excerpts from The Rule of St. Benedict, (c.530)
Excerpts from Beowulf (10th c.)
Excerpts from the Book of Deuteronomy
Diodorus Siculus’ Account of the First Servile War (c. 135–132 BC)
Excerpts from the Book of Genesis
Excerpts from the Code of Hammurabi (c. 1780 BC)
Excerpts from The Gospel of Luke (1st c.)
Usama ibn Munqidh, Excerpts from The Book of Contemplation (12th c.)

Excerpts from the Letters of Paul (1st c.)
Plato, Euthyphro (c. 380 BC)
Polybius, Analysis of the Roman Government (c. 200 BC)
Excerpts from The Quran (7th c.)
Excerpts from The Gospel of Thomas (1st c.)
Pope Urban II Calls The First Crusade (1095)

Modern Documents

Jamal al-Din Al-Afghani's Response to Renan's Critique of Islam, (1883)
Bahithat al-Badiya,
Excerpts from "A Lecture in the Club of the Umma Party"(1909)
Paul Leroy Beaulieu, Excerpts from Colonialism and Modern Peoples (1891)
Simone de Beauvoir, Excerpts from The Second Sex (1949)
Jacques-Bénigne Bossuet, Excerpts from Politics Taken From the Very Words of Holy Scripture" (1679)
Edmund Burke, Excerpts from Reflections on the Revolution in France (1790)
Thomas Carlyle, Excerpts from "Signs of the Times" (1829)
Excerpts from The Casement Report on the Congo (1904)
Evliya Çelebi, Excerpts from The Book of Travels (c. 1630)
Winston Churchill, Excerpts from The River War: An Account of the Conquest of the Sudan (1902)
Declaration of the Rights of Man and Citizen (1789)
Demet Demir,
Filipa de Souza Award Address (1997)
Frantz Fanon, Excerpts from The Wretched of the Earth (1961)
Mohandas K. Gandhi, Excerpts from Hind Swarj (Indian Home Rule, 1910)
Glückel of Hameln, Excerpts from The Memoirs of
Glückel of Hameln (1719)
Robert Graves, Excerpts from Goodbye To All That (1929)
Haitian Declaration of Independence, (1804)
Adolf Hitler, Excerpts from Several Speeches (1923, 1930, 1932)
Documents on Women's Lives in Modern India (1986, 1975)
Documents on Japanese Imperialism (1882, 1890, 1921)
Ernst Jünger, Excerpts from Storm of Steel (1920)
Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini,
Speech Denouncing American Influence in Iran (1964)
Lahontan, Excerpts from Dialogues with Kondiaronk (1703)
V.I. Lenin, Excerpts from Selected Writings (1902, 1917)
Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels, Excerpts from The Communist Manifesto  (1848)
Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels, Excerpts from Selected Writings
Henry Mayhew, Excerpts from London Labour and London Poor (1851)
Rigoberta Menchú, Excerpts from the Memoir of Rigoberta Menchú (1983)
John Stuart Mill, Excerpts from On Liberty (1859)
Sarojini Naidu, Excerpts from Several Speeches (1917, 1918, 1946)
Kwame Nkrumah, "Speech to the Organization of African Unity" (1963)
Testimonies From The Genocide In Rwanda, 1994
Oswald Spengler, Excerpts from Decline of the West (1918)
Woodrow Wilson, "
14 Points" (1918)
Gerrard Winstanley, Excerpts From "The True Levellers' Standard Advanced" (1649)
Louise Yim on the Japanese Occupation of Korea (1951)
Zheng He's Expeditions (1431)