Primary Source Documents

Ancient and Medieval Documents

Aristotle on Slavery (c. 350 BC)
Excerpts from The Rule of St. Benedict, (c.530)
Excerpts from Beowulf (10th c.)
Excerpts from the Book of Deuteronomy
Diodorus Siculus’ Account of the First Servile War (c. 135–132 BC)

Excerpts from the Book of Genesis
Excerpts from The Gospel of Luke (1st c.)
Excerpts from the Letters of Paul (1st c.)
Plato, Euthyphro (c. 380 BC)
Polybius, Analysis of the Roman Government (c. 200 BC)
Excerpts from The Quran (7th c.)
Excerpts from The Gospel of Thomas (1st c.)
Pope Urban II Calls The First Crusade (1095)

Modern Documents

Jamal al-Din Al-Afghani's Response to Renan's Critique of Islam, (1883)
Bahithat al-Badiya,
Excerpts from "A Lecture in the Club of the Umma Party"(1909)
Jacques-Bénigne Bossuet, Excerpts from Politics Taken From the Very Words of Holy Scripture" (1679)
Edmund Burke, Excerpts from Reflections on the Revolution in France (1790)
Thomas Carlyle, Excerpts from "Signs of the Times" (1829)
Excerpts from The Casement Report on the Congo (1904)
Evliya Çelebi, Excerpts from The Book of Travels (c. 1630)
Winston Churchill, Excerpts from The River War: An Account of the Conquest of the Sudan (1902)
Declaration of the Rights of Man and Citizen (1789)
Demet Demir,
Filipa de Souza Award Address (1997)
Frantz Fanon, Excerpts from The Wretched of the Earth (1961)
Mohandas K. Gandhi, Excerpts from Hind Swarj (Indian Home Rule, 1910)
Glückel of Hameln, Excerpts from The Memoirs of
Glückel of Hameln (1719)
Robert Graves, Excerpts from Goodbye To All That (1929)
Haitian Declaration of Independence, (1804)
Adolf Hitler, Excerpts from Several Speeches (1923, 1930, 1932)
Documents on Women's Lives in Modern India (1986, 1975)
Documents on Japanese Imperialism (1882, 1890, 1921)
Ernst Jünger, Excerpts from Storm of Steel (1920)
Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini,
Speech Denouncing American Influence in Iran (1964)
V.I. Lenin, Excerpts from Selected Writings (1902, 1917)
Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels, Longer Excerpts from The Communist Manifesto  (1848)
Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels, Shorter Excerpts from The Communist Manifesto  (1848)
Henry Mayhew, Excerpts from London Labour and London Poor (1851)
Rigoberta Menchú, Excerpts from the Memoir of Rigoberta Menchú (1983)
John Stuart Mill, Excerpts from On Liberty (1859)
Sarojini Naidu, Excerpts from Several Speeches (1917, 1918, 1946)
Kwame Nkrumah, "Speech to the Organization of African Unity" (1963)
Testimonies From The Genocide In Rwanda, 1994
Oswald Spengler, Excerpts from Decline of the West (1918)
Woodrow Wilson, "
14 Points" (1918)
Louise Yim on the Japanese Occupation of Korea (1951)
Zheng He's Expeditions (1431)