Arc de Triomphe History 102

Western Civilization since 1600
Northern Virginia
Community College
Vienna Secession

Dr. Doug Campbell,,Office: LC- 320
Office Hours In LC-320: Mondays 11 am-12:30pm, Wednesdays, 10-11am ,or by appointment.
Office Hours via Zoom Appointment: Tuesdays, 12-1:30 pm, Thursdays, 6-7pm; 
Email me at least 24 hours in advance to schedule an appointment if you need to consult during office hours.

Due to the ongoing pandemic, NOVA and the state of Virginia mandates everyone wear face coverings while indoors on campus for everyone's safety. Free masks are available at the campus Parking and NOVACard office. You are also encouraged to take advantage of one of the several safe and effective vaccines against COVID-19 which help protect both you and those around you. NOVA also offers a $250 incentive for all vaccinated students, and a $75 incentive for booster vaccinations. Thanks for your help!

If the situation with the ongoing pandemic deteriorates, the in person class meetings may be moved to synchronous Zoom sessions at the professor's discretion.

Grading and Due Dates
Description of Course Elements
Course Schedule

Welcome to History 102

You just happen to be lucky enough to have enrolled in a class on the history of western civilization.  Seriously. History is enormously interesting, and I love teaching it.   If I do my job correctly, you will love learning about it.  And of course, not only is history fascinating, but it's also valuable in an intellectual sense.  Learning about how people lived in the past can help broaden your horizons, making your outlook less parochial and more cosmopolitan.  It's sort of like traveling to a foreign country without the discomfort of a long, uncomfortable plane ride. History, of course, can also in
 your understanding of the present by showing you the deeper roots of problems and trends in the contemporary world.  And finally, a well-taught history course is chock full of practice in all sorts of useful skills that employers are interested in, such as critical thinking, analyzing documents, and crafting well-written arguments based on evidence.  So history can be fun, can enrich your intellectual life, and make you more money.  What could be more awesome?

One thing to keep in mind with this course, however, is the fact that learning is not a spectator sport.  You can't just sit back passively and expect to get anything near the full benefit of this class.  You need to be actively engaged in your own education.  I certainly have to play my  part, and I promise to do my best to present an interesting and dynamic class which offers you all sorts of opportunities to learn cool stuff.  The actual learning is your job, though.  To put it another way, I can cook the most delicious banquet imaginable, and set the table in the most attractive way possible, piling it high with all sorts of fabulous delicacies.  But in the end, you're the one who actually has to eat the meal.  So if you're going to take this class, I'll ask you to make a conscious decision to engage in all of the opportunities available to you, and to commit to coming to all of the class sessions, to participating in an active and thoughtful manner in all of our class discussions, to completing all of the assigned readings, and to submitting all of the required assignments.  If you do, I promise it will be worth your while.  Your place at the table is set, and you are invited....

Stuff the College makes me include:

Course Description

Examines the development of western civilization from ancient times to the present. Part II of II. Lecture 3
hours per week.

General Course Purpose

Surveys the general history of the Western world from about 1600 CE to the present and allows students to reach a basic understanding of the characteristic features of the Western world's historical development in that span of time. Students will learn about some of the important political, economic, social, intellectual, cultural and religious changes that shaped the development of West in this period of time.

Course objectives

Upon completion of the course, the student will be able to:

Course Prerequisites: None


Our primary goal is to investigate what it means to be human by looking at what humans were like in the past. To that end, this class is going to use several themes as "lenses" through which to examine the human past.  The themes are:

Ideology: What is ideology? What role does it play in human societies? Which systems of ideas are most beneficial to human societies? Which are most harmful?

Government: What are the origins of human governments?  What are the various forms that government has taken over the centuries? Which forms work best? Which are worst?

Gender: Are different social roles for men and women essential or arbitrary? How have human opinions on gender, marriage, and sexuality changed over time?

Social Class: Are inequalities in wealth and power an inherent part of human life or an evil to be overcome? On what basis should wealth and power be allocated?

There are of course plenty of other lenses through which to look at the past, but these are a good start and should give plenty of interesting questions to examine for one class.


There are no books you need to purchase for this class. We will be making use, as much as possible, of Open Educational Resources (OER) which are available online for free.

Even though we have left the more traditional paper textbook-oriented model of a history class behind, however, this course still requires you to do a great deal of reading, writing, and, above all, thinking.  You should take the course readings seriously, and make sure to keep up with the reading assignments described below in the Class Schedule.

Course readings should be completed BEFORE you come to the first class session of the week for which they are assigned, and you should have access to them in class, either by printing them out, or through an Internet-enabled device with a large screen (a smart phone probably won't cut it). It is especially important to read the documents listed as "Primary Sources to Read" as we will definitely be discussing those in class. Taking notes on them, marking the most important passages, and jotting down any questions you might have is highly encouraged.

Grading and Due Dates

Your overall grade for the class will consist of the following elements. Assignments which are not turned in will not receive any points. No work for the course other than the Final Exam will be accepted after April 29-- no exceptions!

Scores will be posted on Canvas, and will be accompanied by general comments about the strengths and weaknesses of your work.  If you would like a more detailed description of aspects of the assignment which could be improved, just ask me and I will be happy to provide one.

Course Element Points Due Date
Attendance and Participation 20% Every Class
Group Leadership
5% At least 2 times over the course of the semester
Source Criticism Paper 10% Source Proposal: February 11
Finished Paper: February 18
Conservatism and Socialism Paper 10% March 4
Midterm Exam 5% March 18
Annotated Bibliography, Part 1
10% April 1
Annotated Bibliography, Part 2
10% April 8
Final Project
25% Project Proposal: February 4
Finished Project: April 22
Final Exam 5% May 6

Grading Scale

Your final grade for the course will be calculated according to the scale below. 

Final Course Grade
Above 90% A
80-89% B
70-79% C
60-69% D
59% and Below F


You will need access to the internet and to word processing software for this class.  You should be familiar with using Canvas (the College's learning management system) in order to submit assignments and view your grades, and you should regularly check your NOVA email account, which is the only way I have of getting in touch with you outside of class.

Guidelines for Conduct During Class Meetings

You are responsible for being present and attentive during class. Late arrival to class may result in being marked as absent for the class session.

Disruptive Behavior: Please be considerate. Disruptive behavior will not be tolerated.  Private conversations during lecture or class discussions all distract and disturb your instructor and your classmates, and will count against your participation grade.  Repeated instances of rude behavior may result your removal from the classroom. If you have a question or a comment on the course material, please raise your hand.

Announcements: If there is something I need to communicate to the class, I will post an announcement to the course Canvas page. It is the your responsibility to check the course's Canvas page and your College email account in a timely manner in order to receive information on the substitute assignment and when it is due. You should adjust the settings of your Canvas account to make sure that you are promptly notified.

Abuse: Any student who seems to be under the influence of alcohol or intoxicating drugs, or who is abusive or violent will be referred to the appropriate College authorities.

Course Content Warning: Lectures and course materials may contain disturbing content, including, but not limited to: violence, sexual assault, war crimes, genocide, mental or physical illnesses or disabilities, discrimination or persecution on the basis of gender, race, ethnicity, religion, and/or sexual orientation, etc. If you have been personally impacted by one or more of these topics and suffer from PTSD, please email the professor if you would like prior notification of lectures containing discussions of the effecting topics. 

Accommodations: Students requiring special accommodations for assignments or exams should have the appropriate forms from the Disability Support Service (DSS).  Forms should be given to me no fewer than 7 days before the date the assignment or exam requiring the accommodation is due, and preferably at the very beginning of the semester.

Guidelines for Written Work

Formatting: Papers should be double spaced, using 12 point Tahoma font and one inch margins.  All papers must be word processed and submitted through Canvas as files in .doc, .odt, .pdf, or .rtf format (No .pages format submissions, please!).  E-mail submissions will not be accepted.  See this rubric for a more detailed description of how you will be graded.

Style and Grammar: All of your work for this class must present a main argument or thesis which addresses the question(s) posed by the assignment, should support that argument with evidence, and should be written in grammatical and stylistically correct English.  Make sure to proofread and use spell-check. For information on writing papers for this class, make sure to read my Tips for History Papers page.  You also might want to consult the following handy websites:

        NVCC Loudoun's Writing Center       
        Patrick Rael, "Avoid Common Mistakes In Your History Paper"
        Steven Kreis, "Writing the Short Essay"

Citations:  You MUST include a formal citation any time you refer to a specific passage in a text, even if you do not quote the text directly.  The required method for citing sources in this class is the Chigago Manual of Style's format, which is the standard for the discipline of history.  According to this format, at the end of any sentence or paragraph drawn from a specific part of a source, you insert superscript number which corresponds to a footnote at the bottom of the page with the appropriate bibliographic information.  Number your footnotes consecutively. Consult the previous web link for more detailed information on citations in this format.  You also might find this video on "Inserting Chicago Style Footnotes and Endnotes Using Microsoft Word"  helpful. EVERY PAPER you complete for this class should include a bibliography at the end listing all of the sources you consulted (even if the list includes only one source).  Your bibliography page does not count toward the page length of your assignment.

Plagiarism:  Any student caught plagiarizing or cheating in this course will be subject to appropriate disciplinary action, including at a minimum no credit whatsoever for the assignment or exam in question (No exceptions!!!).   Particularly flagrant instances of cheating or multiple instances of plagiarism will result in a grade of "F" for the course. Procedures for disciplinary measures and appeals are outlined in the NOVA Student Handbook.

Please note that even copying a sentence or two from another source without citing it is enough to trigger a plagiarism penalty.  Likewise, changing a word here or there from content which you copy is still plagiarism.  Your work should be entirely in your own words except for the passages which you quote and appropriately cite.

For a bit more discussion on why you will probably get caught if you try to use the web to plagiarize, see "How Dumb Do They Think We Are?" by Jonathan Malesic.  All of your papers for the class will be checked for plagiarism by Turnitin software.

Late Work: Late papers and assignments will receive a one letter grade late penalty. The Attendance and Participation activities associated with our class meetings depend on your active interaction with your classmates, and cannot be completed late. No late assignments will be accepted after April 29.

Guidelines for E-Mail Communication

The easiest way to contact me outside of class is through e-mail.  In order to receive a response to your message, however, your e-mail must contain the following elements:

Messages sent using "text-ese" or rude or abusive language will be ignored (b/c it makes u look ignorant d00d)!

I have on average between 150-200 students a semester, so you need to provide me with as much information as possible if you want a timely answer to your message.  Please allow at least 48 hours before following up.  If you haven't received a response within a couple of days, however, feel free to nag me.

Description of Course Elements

Attendance and Participation

Your attendance and active participation is expected at every class meeting.Given the fact that participation is part of your grade, your attendance is expected at every class meeting.  You are allowed two unexcused absence for the semester.  You will only receive credit for attending a class session if you are present when I take roll at the beginning of class.  Please note that you should definitely not come to class if you suspect you may have an infectious illness. Let me know and I can excuse the absence-- thanks!Preparedness: You should make sure that you have completed the assigned readings and any required assignments BEFORE you attend the class session for which they are assigned, especially the readings labelled as "Discussion Readings."  You may be asked to discuss both readings and assignments, so you should have access to them during class.

You are expected to treat your fellow students with respect and a spirit of generosity and good-will. If you have a problem with one of the other students that you are unable to resolve on your own, please contact the professor for guidance and assistance.

Group Leadership

Discussions in smaller groups will be a frequent feature of the class.  At least 2 times over the course of the semester, each student will serve as the leader of their group for class discussions. The group leader is responsible for noting which group members are present and participating in the discussion, and should help guide the group's conversation so that the form associated with that particular discussion has been completely filled out. The group leader will also share the group's findings with the rest of the class, if applicable, for that particular class session. Finally, the group leader should also turn in the appropriate completed form through Canvas at the end of the class session, and should submit a brief paragraph describing what they did to prepare and how they helped to facilitate the discussion.

Conservatism and Socialism Paper

Read the excerpts from Edmund Burke’s Reflections on the Revolution in France and Karl Marx’s The Communist Manifesto, and then write a paper at least two double-spaced pages long (approximately 500 words) which answers the following questions: How did the conservative Edmund Burke and the communist Karl Marx view the prospect of revolutions differently? Why did Burke think revolutions were so dangerous? Why did Marx think that revolutions were necessary and inevitable? How might each have critiqued the views of the other? What might they have agreed with one another about?

You should make sure to cite specific examples from the documents in order to support your arguments, and to cite them using Chicago-format footnotes, including page numbers.  Please follow the guidelines for written work in this class, and make sure to check the "Tips for History Papers" page before turning in your final draft.  See this rubric for a more detailed description of how you will be graded.

Source Criticism Paper

You must  find a Wikipedia page dealing with a topic related to the topic of your Final Project and compare it to a scholarly article written within the past 50 years on the same basic subject from a history-focused scholarly journal (see below for more detailed information on how to find a scholarly journal article).  Then in a 2 page, double-spaced paper write a comparative analysis of the two articles as sources of historical information.  You may not complete this assignment unless you have received approval for your sources.  Your proposed sources for the Source Criticism Paper should be uploaded for approval using this form. Make sure to check the professor's feedback to see if your sources were approved, or if you need to resubmit the form.

Once your sources are approved, you should write a paper at least two double-spaced pages long with a main argument which answers this major question:  "Which of these sources is more useful to a scholar researching this particular subject?"  Your analysis also ought to address the following secondary questions:
You should mention the title of the website and the title of the article, the name of the journal, and the name of the author of the scholarly journal article in the introduction of your paper. You should also include the full bibliographic citations for each in a bibliography page.

Please follow the guidelines for written work in this class, and make sure to check the "Tips for History Papers" page before turning in your final draft.  See this rubric for a more detailed description of how you will be graded.

How To Find A Scholarly Journal Article:

A scholarly journal is a periodical which contains research-based articles and reviews by established scholars in a given field.  These sorts of journals are geared towards a professional or academic audience, and are intended to serve as an intellectual resource rather than to earn a profit for the publisher.  In order to have an article published in a scholarly journal, an author must submit it to the editorial board of the journal first.  The editors then will have the prospective article reviewed by other scholars in the field.  Only an article which passes through this process of evaluation by recognized experts ("peer review") can be published in a scholarly journal.  All scholarly journal articles meticulously document their sources of information and contain ample foot or endnotes.  While some scholarly journals make some or all of their content available on the web, a genuine scholarly journal is also always published in paper form so it can become part of the collections of research-oriented libraries.  Consult the NOVA Library's page on scholarly journal articles for more information on what distinguishes a scholarly journal from other sorts of periodicals.

Just a few examples of some of the most prominent scholarly journals dealing with modern Western history include The American Historical ReviewThe Journal of Modern History, Central European History, The Russian Review, French Historical Studies, Historische Zeitschrift, Journal of British Studies, and VIctorian Studies (This is not a complete list-- there are many, many more!).  Please note that magazines like History TodayNational Geographic Magazine, and American History certainly contain interesting material, they are intended for a popular audience rather than a professional academic one, and hence do not qualify as scholarly journals.

Not too terribly long ago, the only place one could go to access a scholarly journal was an academic library.  These days, however, many journals allow readers to access their contents online. The best place to start is JSTOR, a service which provides the full text of articles from several hundred different scholarly journals.  You can use JSTOR for free by accessing it through the NVCC Library's site.  

You can access JSTOR from the NOVA library's homepage.  Go to

Click on the "Articles" tab;
then click "Databases by Subject";
the click "History (HIS)";
then click "JSTOR" and login with the same id you would use to access My NOVA.

Once in JSTOR, you should select the "advanced search" option, scroll down to "Narrow by Item Type" and click the "Articles" box, and then scroll down again to "Narrow by discipline and/or publication title:" and click the "History" box.

Then plug in your search topic and see what comes up.

You also might want to consult the Research Guide for this class prepared by the College research librarians.

Annotated Bibliography

An annotated bibliography is an organized list of sources. It differs from a straightforward bibliography in that each reference is followed by a paragraph length annotation. The Annotated Bibliography is part of your Final Project.  You should provide annotations for the sources that will then be used in the Final Project.  Sources should be directly related to the Final Project’s topic.  Annotations should be a brief paragraph (about 100 words) long.

Part 1 of your Annotated Bibliography should include:
See the description of the Final Project below for a list of sites to begin finding relevant primary sources.

For each of the Primary Sources in Part 1 your annotation should include:

Part 2 of your Annotated Bibliography should include:

For each of the Secondary Sources in Part 2 your annotation should include:

Please follow the guidelines for written work in this class.
Final Project

The capstone assignment for this class is the Final Project. For this assignment you should select one of the following option. No matter what option you choose, you will need to produce the equivalent of 6 double spaced pages worth of text (approximately 1250 words), and to draw upon at least 5 primary source documents (text, not images) and 5 scholarly secondary sources. See below for more detailed descriptions of what each option requires:


 In terms of evidence, you should feel free to draw from sources you have already considered for your other course work.  At a minimum, however, your paper must refer to and correctly cite:

For primary sources, you might consult the following resources (some of these sites also contain secondary sources as well):

Directory of World History Primary Sources

The relevant due dates and point worth of the various elements of the Final Project are as follows:

Final Project Element Description Due Date
Proposal You should submit a Final Project Proposal using the relevant link in Canvas which describes the option and topic. You may not turn in an Annotated Bibliography or a finished Final Project without getting your Topic Proposal approved in advance.
Feb. 4
Annotated Bibliography, Parts 1 and 2
You should submit a bibliography of the sources which you intend to use for your Final Project. The bibliography should include at least 5 primary sources (historical documents from the past) and 5 scholarly secondary sources (including at least one scholarly journal article and one scholar monarch). Each source should be accompanied by a brief paragraph of analysis (See the Annotated Bibliography assignment description for more detailed information).
Part 1: April 1

Part 2: April 8
Finished Final Project
You should submit a Final Project using the appropriate link on the course Canvas page. See below for complete descriptions of the various Final Project Options.
April 22

Research Paper Option:

For this option you will write a Research Paper which is 6 double spaced pages (approximately 1250 words) long, and which draws upon and correctly cites at least 5 primary source documents (text, not images) and 5 scholarly secondary sources.Your paper should attempt to answer a specific question relevant to the subject matter of the course which deals with one or more of the themes of the course (ideology, government, gender, and social class) and discuss how it/they have changed over time. 

You should make sure to refer to or quote specific examples from the sources in order to support your arguments, and to cite them using Chicago-format footnotes.  Please follow the guidelines for written work in this class.  See this rubric for a more detailed description of how you will be graded.

The themes themselves are too broad to be the focus or your paper, so your topic should narrow the focus down in some way (For example, the topic, "Religion in Western Civilization" is too broad).  On the other hand, I would like you to pick a topic that allows you to examine changes over a considerable span of time. Here are some sample research questions as examples.  You are free to pick one of these, to modify one (for example to change the region on which the question focuses), or to suggest your own entirely new topic. 

“Day In The Life” Video Option:

For this version of the Final Project you will need to choose a time period and region relevant to some aspect of the subject matter of this class. Then select three different people to portray. They can be either specific individuals from history, or different types of people (ie, from different social classes, professions, nationalities, ethnicities, genders, etc.).

Once your characters have been approved, you should craft a video of approximately 5 minutes (so 15 minutes total), where each character introduces themselves and discusses what their daily life is like. Consider discussing topics such as the character’s work, living conditions, family relationships, food, political and social opinions, etc. The idea is to provide as vivid, interesting, and historically accurate portrayal as possible. Feel free to use appropriate accents or slang if you like. You can use friends or family members in your videos if you like, as long as you are the one who writes the script.

Important stuff that you shouldn’t forget:

Here are some suggestions for software to use when editing your videos:

Travel Log Website Option:

For this version of the Final Project you will need to choose a time period and region relevant to some aspect of the subject matter of this class. Then select at least five specific geographic sites or events to discuss. These can be specific buildings or monuments, neighborhoods, dwellings, shops, taverns, battles, revolutions, speeches, spectacles, festivals, ceremonies, etc.

Once your choice has been approved, you should craft a written narrative in which you visit each of the sites in turn, describing what you witness at stop along your journey. Make sure to mention what you see, hear, small, taste, do, etc. The idea is to provide as vivid, interesting, and historically accurate portrayal as possible. It is up to you whether you adopt the persona of a traveler from the time period in question, or travel back in time in some manner. You’ve got a lot of leeway here-- be creative!

Your finished product should be in the form of a website which is posted online, and which is viewable by anyone. The website should be a visually interesting as possible, and should include a variety of (correctly sourced and cited) images and/or maps.

Important stuff that you shouldn’t forget:

Here are some suggestions for free public web hosting for your website:


There are two unproctored exams for this course which are to be completed at home and submitted through Canvas. You can use any notes, course readers, or other resources you wish as long as you cite them (simply listing the bibliographic information or web address at the end of the question is sufficient-- no need to include footnotes). All of your responses should be in your own words rather than quoted from other sources. If you use any additional sources without citing them, you will not receive any points for the exam.

Midterm Exam. You should submit a file through Canvas with your responses to the following questions:

1) Time Line (10 Paragraphs): Provide a Time Line which lists in chronological order what you think are the ten most important events in the history of the West from 1600-1900. No more than two of your examples should be drawn from United States history. Each item on your Time Line should be a paragraph long and should contain the following information:

2) Theme Analysis (4 Paragraphs): Select and describe four important events, changes, or developments from Western History from 1600-1900, one for each one of the four class themes (government, ideology, gender and social class). Each one of your four theme analyses should be a paragraph long, and should refer to a specific primary source document we have read for the class. Again, make sure to think about causes, consequences, and context for each.

Final Exam. You should submit a file through Canvas with your responses to the following questions:

1) Time Line (10 Paragraphs): Provide a Time Line which lists in chronological order what you think are the ten most important events in the history of the West since 1900. No more than two of your examples should be drawn from United States history. Each item on your Time Line should be a paragraph long and should contain the following information:
2) Theme Analysis (4 Paragraphs): Select and describe four important events, changes, or developments from Western History since 1900, one for each one of the four class themes (government, ideology, gender and social class). Each one of your four theme analyses should be a paragraph long, and should refer to a specific primary source document we have read for the class. Again, make sure to think about causes, consequences, and context for each.

Course Schedule

Week 1.

Wednesday, January 19: Why Bother With History?
Discussion Readings on Cognitive Biases: Confirmation Bias, The Backfire Effect (This contains salty language.  Feel free to read the classroom version if you prefer to avoid that), The Texas Sharpshooter Fallacy, The Dunning-Kruger Effect.

Watch "Is History B.S.?"
Assignments to Complete: Read through the entire syllabus, and submit the Introduction Assignment by January 21 using the appropriate link under "Assignments" in the class Canvas page.

Week 2. 

Monday, January 24: Encounters With The West?

Discussion Reading: Lahontan, Excerpts from Dialogues with Kondiaronk (1703)

Watch Is Western Civilization B.S.?

Watch What's The Difference Between Primary & Secondary Sources?

Brooks, "Introduction"

Wednesday, January 26: The Old Regime Meets The New Economy
Discussion Reading: Gerrard Winstanley, "The True Levellers Standard Advanced (1649)"

Watch Was The Atlantic Slave Trade B.S.?

Brooks, Chapter 8: Absolutism; Chapter 9: Trade Empires

Assignments to Complete:

Week 3.

Monday, January 31: The Enlightenment
Discussion Readings: Mary Wollstonecraft, excerpts from "A Vindication of the Rights of Women" (1792)

Watch Was The Enlightenment B.S.?

Brooks, Chapter 11: The Enlightenment
Wednesday, February 2: An Age of Revolutions
Discussion Readings: French Declaration of the Rights of Man and Citizen (1789); The Haitian Declaration of Independence, (1804)

Watch Was The Haitian Revolution B.S.?

Brooks, Chapter 12: The Society of Orders
Assignments to Complete: Final Project Proposal Due February 4

Last day to withdraw with refund is February 3.
Week 4.

Monday, February 7: The Reign of Terror
Discussion Reading: Edmund Burke, Excerpts from Reflections on the Revolution in France (1790).

Was The French Revolution B.S.?

Chapter 13: The French Revolution

Wednesday, February 9 Romanticism and Empire
Discussion Reading: Friedrich Schiller, "An die Freude (Ode to Joy);" Listen to it set to music in in the famous fourth movement of Ludwig van Beethoven's Symphony No. 9.

Brooks, Volume 3, Chapter 1: Napoleon
Assignments to Complete: Source Proposal for Source Criticism Paper due February 11.

Make sure to read the directions for the Source Criticism Paper in the syllabus CAREFULLY before filling out the form. Also, you might want to watch this video: How to Find a Scholarly Journal Article

Week 5.

Monday, February 14: The Industrial Revolution Discussion Reading: Glückel of Hameln, Excerpts from The Memoirs of Glückel of Hameln (1719)

Watch Was The Industrial Revolution B.S.?

Brooks, Chapter 2: The Industrial Revolution
Wednesday, February 16: Working Class Life Discussion Readings: "The Life of the Industrial Worker in Nineteenth-Century England" (1832); Women Miners in the English Coal Pits (1842).
Assignments to Complete Source Criticism Paper due February 18
Week 6.

Monday, February 21: Industrial Era Politics
Discussion Reading: J.S. Mill, excerpts from On Liberty (1859);

Brooks, Chapter 3: Political Ideologies and Movements
Wednesday, February 23: Maps of Utopia
Discussion Reading: Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels, excerpts from The Communist Manifesto  (1848)
Assignments to Complete:

Week 7.
Monday, February 28: Nationalism
Discussion Readings: Documents of the Paris Commune, 1870-1871- "The Fatherland Is In Danger!," "Manifesto of the Paris Commune," "The Pantheon's About To Blow Up!"

Brooks, Chapter 4: The Politics of the Nineteenth Century
Wednesday, March 2:
Cultural Modernism
Discussion Readings: Selection of Love Letters from Oscar Wilde to Alfred "Bosie" Douglas (1892-1897); Oscar Wilde, Selected Prison Writings (1897); Douglas O. Linder, "The Trials of Oscar Wilde: An Account (secondary source)"

Brooks, Chapter 5: Culture, Science, and Pseudo-Science
Assignments to Complete: Conservatism and Socialism Paper due by 11 pm, March 4

March  7 and 9: No Class Spring Break
Week 8.
Monday, March 14: Justifications for Imperialism
Discussion Readings: Cecil Rhodes, "Confession of Faith" (1877); Ruyard Kipling, "The White Man's Burden" (1899);

Watch Was The English East India Co. B.S.?

Brooks, Chapter 6: Imperialism
Wednesday, March 16: The Realities of Empire
Discussion Reading: Excerpts from The Casement Report on the Congo (1904)

Watch Was Imperialism In Congo B.S.?
Assignments to Complete: Midterm Exam due March 18

Week 9.
Monday, March 21: The Causes of the War
Discussion Reading: Ernst Jünger, Excerpts from Storm of Steel (1920)

Watch Were The Causes of World War I B.S.?

Brooks, Chapter 7: World War 1
Wednesday, March 23: The Great War
Watch Was the 1918 Influenza B.S.?

Week 10.

Monday, March 28: A Flawed Peace

Discussion Reading: Woodrow Wilson's Fourteen Points (1918)

Brooks, Chapter 8: Early Twentieth-Century Culture

Wednesday, March 30: Revolution in Russia

Discussion Reading: Excerpts from the works of V.I. Lenin, (1902, 1917)
Watch Was The Russian Revolution B.S.?

Assignments to Complete: Annotated Bibliography, Part 1 due April 1
Last day to withdraw with a grade penalty is March 26

Week 11.
Monday, April 4: Stalin's Terror
Discussion Reading: Rosa Luxemburg, "Democracy and Dictatorship" from The Russian Revolution (1918); Nikolai Ezhov, Operational Order on Mass Repressions (1937)

Wednesday, April 6: Interwar Culture
Discussion Reading: Gabriele Tergit, "Paragraph 218: A Modern Gretchen Tragedy" (1926)

Watch Is Modern Anti-Semitism B.S.?
Assignments to Complete: Annotated Bibliography, Part 2 due April 8

Week 12.
Monday, April 11:

Discussion Reading: Adolf Hitler, Excerpts from Several Speeches.

Brooks, Chapter 9: Fascism

Watch Is Fascism B.S.?
Wednesday, April 13: Hitler's Empire
Discussion Reading: Neville Chamberlain, Excerpts from In Search of Peace

Brooks, Chapter 10: World War 2
Assignments to Complete:

Week 13.
Monday, April 18: Total War Discussion Reading: Elina I. Kochina, "Blockade Diary" (1941) 
Wednesday, April 20:

Discussion Reading: Elie Wiesel, Excerpts from Night (1960)

Watch Is Violence B.S.?

Brooks, Chapter 11: The Holocaust

Assignments to Complete: Final Project Due April 22

Week 14.
Monday, April 25: The Cold War World
Discussion Reading: Winston Churchill, "Iron Curtain" Speech (1946); Josef Stalin's Response to Churchill (1946)

Was The Cold War B.S.?

Chapter 12: The Soviet Union
Wednesday, April 27: Decolonization Discussion Reading: Patrice Lumumba, "Speech at Accra" (1958)

Watch Was The CIA Coup In Guatemala B.S.?

Brooks, Chapter 13: Postwar Conflict
Assignments to Complete: No late assignments will be accepted after April 29

Week 15.
Monday, May 2: Post-War Life and the Neo-Liberal Order
Discussion Reading: Simone de Beauvoir, excerpts from The Second Sex (1949)

Was The End of the Cold War B.S.?and Is Globalization B.S.?

, Chapter 14: Postwar Societyand Chapter 15: Towards the Present
Assignments to Complete: Final Exam due May 6