Arc de Triomphe History 102

Western Civilization since 1600
Northern Virginia
Community College

Dr. Doug Campbell,
Office Hours via Zoom: Mondays, Tuesdays, and Wednesdays, 11 am -2:00pm; Thursdays 6-7pm,or by appointment.
Email me at least 24 hours in advance to schedule an appointment if you need to consult during office hours

Grading and Due Dates
Description of Course Elements
Course Schedule

Welcome to History 102

You just happen to be lucky enough to have enrolled in a class on the history of western civilization.  Seriously. History is enormously interesting, and I love teaching it.   If I do my job correctly, you will love learning about it.  And of course, not only is history fascinating, but it's also valuable in an intellectual sense.  Learning about how people lived in the past can help broaden your horizons, making your outlook less parochial and more cosmopolitan.  It's sort of like traveling to a foreign country without the discomfort of a long, uncomfortable plane ride. History, of course, can also in
 your understanding of the present by showing you the deeper roots of problems and trends in the contemporary world.  And finally, a well-taught history course is chock full of practice in all sorts of useful skills that employers are interested in, such as critical thinking, analyzing documents, and crafting well-written arguments based on evidence.  So history can be fun, can enrich your intellectual life, and make you more money.  What could be more awesome?

One thing to keep in mind with this course, however, is the fact that learning is not a spectator sport.  You can't just sit back passively and expect to get anything near the full benefit of this class.  You need to be actively engaged in your own education.  I certainly have to play my  part, and I promise to do my best to present an interesting and dynamic class which offers you all sorts of opportunities to learn cool stuff.  The actual learning is your job, though.  To put it another way, I can cook the most delicious banquet imaginable, and set the table in the most attractive way possible, piling it high with all sorts of fabulous delicacies.  But in the end, you're the one who actually has to eat the meal.  So if you're going to take this class, I'll ask you to make a conscious decision to engage in all of the opportunities available to you, and to commit to coming to all of the class sessions, to participating in an active and thoughtful manner in all of our class discussions, to completing all of the assigned readings, and to submitting all of the required assignments.  If you do, I promise it will be worth your while.  Your place at the table is set, and you are invited....

Stuff the College makes me include:

Course Description

Examines the development of western civilization from ancient times to the present. Part II of II. Lecture 3
hours per week.

General Course Purpose

Surveys the general history of the Western world from about 1600 CE to the present and allows students to reach a basic understanding of the characteristic features of the Western world's historical development in that span of time. Students will learn about some of the important political, economic, social, intellectual, cultural and religious changes that shaped the development of West in this period of time.

Course objectives

Upon completion of the course, the student will be able to:

Course Prerequisites: None


Our primary goal is to investigate what it means to be human by looking at what humans were like in the past. To that end, this class is going to use several themes as "lenses" through which to examine the human past.  The themes are:

Ideology: What is ideology? What role does it play in human societies? Which systems of ideas are most beneficial to human societies? Which are most harmful?

Government: What are the origins of human governments?  What are the various forms that government has taken over the centuries? Which forms work best? Which are worst?

Gender: Are different social roles for men and women essential or arbitrary? How have human opinions on gender, marriage, and sexuality changed over time?

Social Class: Are inequalities in wealth and power an inherent part of human life or an evil to be overcome? On what basis should wealth and power be allocated?

There are of course plenty of other lenses through which to look at the past, but these are a good start and should give plenty of interesting questions to examine for one class.


There are no books you need to purchase for this class. We will be making use, as much as possible, of Open Educational Resources (OER) which are available online for free.

Even though we have left the more traditional paper textbook-oriented model of a history class behind, however, this course still requires you to do a great deal of reading, writing, and, above all, thinking.  You should take the course readings seriously, and make sure to keep up with the reading assignments described below in the Class Schedule.
Course readings should be completed BEFORE you come to the first class session of the week for which they are assigned, and you should have access to an Internet-enabled device with a large screen (a smart phone won't cut it). It is especially important to read the documents listed as "Primary Sources to Read" as we will definitely be discussing those in class. Taking notes on them, marking the most important passages, and jotting down any questions you might have is highly encouraged.

Grading and Due Dates

Your overall grade for the class will consist of the following elements.  No work for the course except the Final Exam will be accepted after December 4-- no exceptions!

Scores will be posted on Canvas, and will be accompanied by general comments about the strengths and weaknesses of your work.  If you would like a more detailed description of aspects of the assignment which could be improved, just ask me and I will be happy to provide one.

Course Element Points Due Date
Attendance and Participation 20% Every Class Session
Discussion Group Leadership
5% At least 5 times during the semester
Conservatism Paper (2 pages) 10% September 25
Liberalism and Socialism Paper (2 pages) 10% October 9
Midterm Exam 5% October 23
Source Criticism Paper  (2 pages) 10% Source Proposal due October 30
Finished Paper: November 6
Annotated Bibliography
10% November 20
Research  Paper (5 pages) 25% Topic Proposal Due October 2
Finished Paper Due December 4
Final Exam 5% December 9

Grading Scale

Your final grade for the course will be calculated according to the scale below.

Final Course Grade
Above 90%
80-89% B
70-79% C
60-69% D
Below 60%


You will need access to the internet and to word processing software for this class.  You should be familiar with using Canvas (the College's learning management system) in order to submit assignments and view your grades, and you should regularly check your NOVA email account, which is the only way I have of getting in touch with you outside of class.

Guidelines for Conduct During Online Class Meetings

You are responsible for being logged on and attentive during the online class sessions. You should always log into your NOVA Zoom account from MyNOVA in order to access Zoom for the online class sessions. Logging in through a private Zoom account may result in being marked as absent for the class session.

Disruptive Behavior: Please be considerate. Disruptive behavior will not be tolerated.  Private conversations during lecture or class discussions all distract and disturb your instructor and your classmates, and will count against your participation grade.  Repeated instances of rude behavior may result your removal from the online classroom.   If you have a question or a comment on the course material, please type it in the class "chat."

Announcements: If there is something I need to communicate to the class, I will post an announcement to the course Canvas page. It is the your responsibility to check the course's Canvas page and your College email account in a timely manner in order to receive information on the substitute assignment and when it is due. You should adjust the settings of your Canvas account to make sure that you are promptly notified.

Abuse: Any student who seems to be under the influence of alcohol or intoxicating drugs, or who is abusive or violent will be referred to the appropriate College authorities.

Course Content Warning: Lectures and course materials may contain disturbing content, including, but not limited to: violence, sexual assault, war crimes, genocide, mental or physical illnesses or disabilities, discrimination or persecution on the basis of gender, race, ethnicity, religion, and/or sexual orientation, etc. If you have been personally impacted by one or more of these topics and suffer from PTSD, please email the professor if you would like prior notification of lectures containing discussions of the effecting topics. 

Accommodations: Students requiring special accommodations for assignments or exams should have the appropriate forms from the Disability Support Service (DSS).  Forms should be given to me no fewer than 7 days before the date the assignment or exam requiring the accommodation is due, and preferably at the very beginning of the semester.

Guidelines for Written Work

Formatting: All written work should be double spaced, using 12 point Times New Roman font and one inch margins.  All papers must be word processed and submitted through Canvas as files in .doc, .odt, .pdf, or .rtf format (No .pages format files, please).  E-mail submissions will not be accepted.  See this rubric for a more detailed description of how you will be graded.

Style and Grammar: All of your work for this class must present a main argument or thesis which addresses the question(s) posed by the assignment, should support that argument with evidence, and should be written in grammatical and stylistically correct English.  Make sure to proofread and use spell-check. For information on writing papers for this class, make sure to read my Tips for History Papers page.  You also might want to consult the following handy websites:

        NVCC Loudoun's Writing Center       
        Patrick Rael, "Avoid Common Mistakes In Your History Paper"
        Steven Kreis, "Writing the Short Essay"

CitationsYou MUST include a formal citation any time you refer to a specific passage in a text, even if you do not quote the text directly.  The required method for citing sources in this class is the Chigago Manual of Style's format, which is the standard for the discipline of history.  According to this format, at the end of any sentence or paragraph drawn from a specific part of a source, you insert superscript number which corresponds to a footnote at the bottom of the page with the appropriate bibliographic information.  Number your footnotes consecutively. Consult the previous web link for more detailed information on citations in this format.  You also might find this video on "Inserting Chicago Style Footnotes and Endnotes Using Microsoft Word"  helpful. EVERY PAPER you complete for this class should include a bibliography at the end listing all of the sources you consulted (even if the list includes only one source).  You bibliography page does not count toward the page length of your assignment.

Plagiarism:  Any student caught plagiarizing or cheating in this course will be subject to appropriate disciplinary action, including at a minimum no credit whatsoever for the assignment or exam in question (No exceptions!!!).  Particularly flagrant instances of cheating or multiple instances of plagiarism will result in a grade of "F" for the course. Procedures for disciplinary measures and appeals are outlined in the NOVA Student Handbook.

Please note that even copying a sentence or two from another source without citing it is enough to trigger a plagiarism penalty.  Likewise, changing a word here or there from content which you copy is still plagiarism.  Your work should be entirely in your own words except for the passages which you quote and appropriately cite.

For a bit more discussion on why you will probably get caught if you try to use the web to plagiarize, see "How Dumb Do They Think We Are?" by Jonathan Malesic.  All of your papers for the class will be checked for plagiarism by Turnitin software.

Late Work: Late papers and assignments will receive a one letter grade late penalty. The Attendance and Participation activities associated with our online class meetings depend on your active interaction with your classmates, and cannot be completed late.

Guidelines for E-Mail Communication

The easiest way to contact me outside of class is through e-mail.  In order to receive a response to your message, however, your e-mail must contain the following elements:

Messages sent using "text-ese" or rude or abusive language will be ignored (b/c it makes u look ignorant d00d)!

I have on average between 150-200 students a semester, so you need to provide me with as much information as possible if you want a timely answer to your message.  Please allow at least 48 hours before following up.  If you haven't received a response within a couple of days, however, feel free to nag me.

Description of Course Elements

Attendance and Participation

Your attendance and active participation is expected at every class meeting.  A significant portion of most class sessions will be devoted to small group discussions of particular issues or sources in online break-out rooms. Early in the semester, you will be assigned a group for these discussions. Generally, for each class discussion, the group will be asked to fill out a brief form based on their discussions which should be turned in through Canvas at the end of the class session by the Group Leader.

Attendance Policy: In order to get full credit for Attendance and Participation for that particular class session, you must be logged into the class session for the entire time it is in session, and should actively participate in your group's discussion as evidenced by the submitted form. You are allowed two unexcused absences for the semester.  More than two absences without a valid, documented excuse will affect your grade for the course.  If you have a personal or medical emergency which prevents you from being present, you should let me know. While you don't need to share all aspects of your personal life, I can only work with you to accommodate your difficulties if I have some sense of what the problem is.

Preparedness: You should make sure that you have completed the assigned readings and any required assignments BEFORE you log into the class session for which they are assigned, especially the readings labelled as "Discussion Readings."  You may be asked to discuss both readings and assignments, so you should have access to them during class.

You are expected to treat your fellow group members with respect and a spirit of generosity and good-will. If you have a problem with one of the members of your group that you are unable to resolve on your own, please contact the professor for guidance and assistance.

Group Leadership

At least 5 times over the course of the semester, each student will serve as the leader of their group for class discussions. The group leader is responsible for noting which group members are present and participating in the discussion, and should help guide the group's conversation so that the form associated with that particular discussion has been completely filled out. The group leader will also share the group's findings with the rest of the class, if applicable, for that particular class session. Finally, the group leader should also turn in the appropriate completed form through Canvas at the end of the class session, and should submit a brief paragraph describing what they did to prepare and how they helped to facilitate the discussion.

Conservatism Paper

Read the excerpts from Burke's "Reflections on the Revolution in France," and then write a paper at least two double-spaced pages long which answers the following question: "Did Burke think the French Revolution was justified?  Why did he believe that Revolution was doomed to fail?  What role did he think tradition ought to play in any healthy political system?" You should make sure to have a clear, specific main argument, to refer to or quote specific examples from the document in order to support your arguments, and to cite them using Chicago-format footnotes. Please follow the guidelines for written work in this class, and make sure to check the "Tips for History Papers" page before turning in your final draft.  See this rubric for a more detailed description of how you will be graded. 

Liberalism and Socialism Paper

Read the excerpts from Mill's On Liberty and Marx's The Communist Manifesto , and then write a paper at least two double-spaced pages long which answers the following question: "According to each of these thinkers, what are the most important characteristics of a truly just society?  What sorts of arguments do they use to support their respective positions?  How might Marx critique Mill's emphasis upon individual liberty?  How might Mill critique Marx's focus on social equality?”  You should make sure to have a clear, specific main argument, to refer to or quote specific examples from the documents in order to support your arguments, and to cite them using Chicago-format footnotes.  Please follow the guidelines for written work in this class, and make sure to check the "Tips for History Papers" page before turning in your final draft.  See this rubric for a more detailed description of how you will be graded.

Source Criticism Paper

You must  find a 
Wikipedia page dealing with a topic related to the topic of your Research Paper and compare it to a scholarly article written within the past 50 years on the same basic subject from a history-focused scholarly journal (see below for more detailed information on how to find a scholarly journal article).  Then in a 2 page, double-spaced paper write a comparative analysis of the two articles as sources of historical information.  You may not complete this assignment unless you have received approval for your sources.  Your proposed sources for the Source Criticism Paper should be uploaded for approval using this form. Make sure to check the professor's feedback to see if your sources were approved, or if you need to resubmit the form.

Once your sources are approved, you should write a paper at least two double-spaced pages long with a main argument which answers this major question:  "Which of these sources is more useful to a scholar researching this particular subject?"  Your analysis also ought to address the following secondary questions:
You should mention the title of the website and the title of the article, the name of the journal, and the name of the author of the scholarly journal article in the introduction of your paper. You should also include the full bibliographic citations for each in a bibliography page.

Please follow the guidelines for written work in this class, and make sure to check the "Tips for History Papers" page before turning in your final draft.  See this rubric for a more detailed description of how you will be graded.

How To Find A Scholarly Journal Article:

This video walks you through the process of finding a scholarly journal article using the NOVA Library and JSTOR: How to Find a Scholarly Journal Article

A scholarly journal is a periodical which contains research-based articles and reviews by established scholars in a given field.  These sorts of journals are geared towards a professional or academic audience, and are intended to serve as an intellectual resource rather than to earn a profit for the publisher.  In order to have an article published in a scholarly journal, an author must submit it to the editorial board of the journal first.  The editors then will have the prospective article reviewed by other scholars in the field.  Only an article which passes through this process of evaluation by recognized experts ("peer review") can be published in a scholarly journal.  All scholarly journal articles meticulously document their sources of information and contain ample foot or endnotes.  While some scholarly journals make some or all of their content available on the web, a genuine scholarly journal is also always published in paper form so it can become part of the collections of research-oriented libraries.  Consult the NOVA Library's page on scholarly journal articles for more information on what distinguishes a scholarly journal from other sorts of periodicals.

Just a few examples of some of the most prominent scholarly journals dealing with modern Western history include The American Historical ReviewThe Journal of Modern History, Central European History, The Russian Review, French Historical Studies, Historische Zeitschrift, Journal of British Studies, and VIctorian Studies (This is not a complete list-- there are many, many more!).  Please note that magazines like History TodayNational Geographic Magazine, and American History certainly contain interesting material, they are intended for a popular audience rather than a professional academic one, and hence do not qualify as scholarly journals.

Not too terribly long ago, the only place one could go to access a scholarly journal was an academic library.  These days, however, many journals allow readers to access their contents online. The best place to start is JSTOR, a service which provides the full text of articles from several hundred different scholarly journals.  You can use JSTOR for free by accessing it through the NVCC Library's site.  

You can access JSTOR from the NOVA library's homepage.  Go to

Click on the "Articles" tab;
then click "Databases by Subject";
the click "History (HIS)";
then click "JSTOR" and login with the same id you would use to access My NOVA.

Once in JSTOR, you should select the "advanced search" option, scroll down to "Narrow by Item Type" and click the "Articles" box, and then scroll down again to "Narrow by discipline and/or publication title:" and click the "History" box.

Then plug in your search topic and see what comes up.

This video walks you through the process of finding a scholarly journal article using the NOVA Library and JSTOR: How to Find a Scholarly Journal Article

Annotated Bibliography

An annotated bibliography is an organized list of sources (like a reference list). It differs from a straightforward bibliography in that each reference is followed by a paragraph length annotation. The Annotated Bibliography is part of your Research Paper.  You should provide annotations for the sources that will then be used in the Research Paper.  Sources should be directly related to the Research Paper’s topic.  Annotations should be a brief paragraph (about 100 words) long.

Your Annotated Bibliography should include:

What am I required to include in my annotations?

For each of the Primary Sources:

For each of the Secondary Sources:

Please follow the guidelines for written work in this class.
Research Paper

As the capstone of your work in the course, you are asked to complete a Research Paper which is at least 5
double-spaced pages long, and which draws together all of the skills you have acquired over the course of the semester.

 Your paper should attempt to answer a specific question relevant to the subject matter of the course which deals with one or more  of the themes of the course (ideology, government, gender, and social class) and discuss how it/they have changed over time. Your topic should not primarily deal with American history.

The themes themselves are too broad to be the focus or your paper, so your topic should narrow the focus down in some way (For example, the topic, "Ideology in Western Civilization" is too broad).  Here are some sample research questions.  You are free to pick one of these or suggest your own.  

As with all of your written work in this course, your paper should paper should present a coherent argument or thesis, and then support that position with as much evidence as possible, especially primary source evidence.  In terms if evidence, you should feel free to draw from sources you have already considered for your other course work.  At a minimum, however, your paper must refer to and correctly cite:

For primary sources, you might consult the following resources (some of these sites also contain secondary sources as well):

Directory of World History Primary Sources

Please follow the guidelines for written work in this class, and make sure to check the "Tips for History Papers" page before turning in your final draft.  See this rubric for a more detailed description of how you will be graded.

Research Paper Element Description Due Date
Topic Proposal You should fill out and submit this form describing the research question which you would like to examine and which theme(s) you will be examining. You may not turn in an Annotated Bibliography or a Finished Research Paper without getting your Topic Proposal approved in advance. Oct. 2
Annotated Bibliography You should submit a bibliography of the sources which you intend to use for your Research Paper. The bibliography should include at least 5 primary sources (historical documents from the past) and 5 scholarly secondary sources (including at least one scholarly journal article and one scholar monarch). Each source should be accompanied by a brief paragraph of analysis (See the Annotated Bibliography assignment description for more detailed information). Nov. 20
Finished Research Paper You should submit a final draft of at least 4 double-spaced pages which advances a clear main argument which answers your research question, and which supports that argument with specific, correctly cited evidence drawn from the primary and secondary sources listed in your bibliography. Dec. 4


There are two unproctored exams for this course which are to be completed at home and submitted through Canvas. You can use any notes, course readers, or other resources you wish as long as you cite them (simply listing the bibliographic information or web address at the end of the question is sufficient-- no need to include footnotes). All of your responses should be in your own words rather than quoted from other sources. If you use any additional sources without citing them, you will not receive any points for the exam.

Midterm Exam. You should submit a file through Canvas with your responses to the following questions:

1) Provide a Time Line which lists what you think are the ten most important events in the history of Western civilization from 1600-1900.  Each item on your Time Line should contain the following information:

2) An analysis of what you think are the most important developments or changes in the history of Western civilization from 1600-1900. for each one of the four class themes. Refer to specific primary sources we have read for the class which back up your arguments. Write a substantial paragraph for each theme:

Final Exam. You should submit a file through Canvas with your responses to the following questions:

1) Provide a Time Line which lists what you think are the ten most important events in the history of Western civilization from between 1900 and the present. Each item on your Time Line should contain the following information:

2) An analysis of what you think are the most important developments or changes in the history of Western civilization from between 1900 and the present for each one of the four class themes. Refer to specific primary sources we have read for the class which back up your arguments.Write a substantial paragraph for each theme:

3) Reflect back upon what your experiences in this class.

Course Schedule

Week 1

Monday, August 24 :

Course Introduction
Discussion Reading: Read Through the Course Syllabus.

Watch "Is History B.S.?"
Wednesday, August 26:

Why Study History?
Discussion Readings on Cognitive Biases: Confirmation Bias, The Backfire Effect (This contains salty language.  Feel free to read the classroom version if you prefer to avoid that), The Texas Sharpshooter Fallacy, The Dunning-Kruger Effect.

Watch What's The Difference Between Primary & Secondary Sources?

Kreis, "The Proper Attitude;" "Why Study History?;" "Taking Notes in Class; "
Damen, "History and What-Really-Happened."
Assignments to Complete: Read through the entire syllabus, and submit the Introduction Assignment by 11:59 pm on August 28 using the appropriate link under "Assignments" in the class Canvas page. Make sure to check the feedback you received to see if you need to resubmit it.

Week 2

Monday, August 31:

What the Heck Is Western Civilization?

Discussion Reading: Francois Guizot on Civilization (1800)

Watch Is Western Civilization B.S.?

Wednesday, September 2:

Discussion Reading: Jacques-Bénigne Bossuet, excerpts from Politics Taken From the Very Words of Scripture (1679)

Lane, "The 17th Century: Absolutism in France," "The 17th Century: Society,"  "17th c.: Fashion,"

Week 3 (NO CLASS September 7)

Wednesday, September 9:

The Atlantic Slave Trade

Discussion Reading: Excerpt from the Memoirs of Olaudah Equiano (1789)

Watch Was the Atlantic Slave Trade B.S.?

Lane, "The 18th Century: Agriculture," "18th c.: Marriage and Family," "18th c.: Food and Medicine," "18th c.: Economy."
This Week: Last day to withdraw with refund is September 10.
Week 4
Monday, September 14:

The Enlightenment

Discussion Readings:
John Locke, excerpt from Two Treatises on Government (1689); Thomas Paine, excerpts from The Age of Reason (1794). French

Lane, "The Enlightenment: The Salons," "The Enlightenment: Sexuality."
"Écrasez l'infâme!:The Triumph of Science and the Heavenly City of the 18th Century Philosophe." 
Wednesday, September 16:

The French Revolution

Discussion Readings:
Declaration of the Rights of Man and Citizen (1789); Olympe de Gouges, excerpt from "Declaration of the Rights of Women" (1791)

Watch Was The French Revolution B.S.?

Kreis, "The Origins of the French Revolution," "The French Revolution: The Moderate Stage, 1789-1792;"

Week 5

Monday, September 21:

The Reign of Terror
Discussion Reading: Maximilien Robespierre, Justification of the Use of Terror (1794)

Watch Evidence, Citations, and Plagiarism: Who Cares?

Kreis, "The French Revolution: The Radical Stage, 1792-1794," "The Language of Politics: England and the French Revolution," 
Wednesday, September 23:

Discussion Reading: Edmund Burke, Excerpts from Reflections on the Revolution in France (1790).

Kreis, "
Europe and the Superior Being: Napoleon," "The Romantic Era."

"Napoleon: The Man and the Myths" Part 2 (BBC Podcast, 14:10).
Assignments to Complete Conservatism Paper due September 25

Week 6

Monday, September 28:

Industrial Revolution

Discussion Reading: Thomas Carlyle, Excerpts from "Signs of the Times" (1829)

Watch Was the Industrial Revolution B.S.?

Kreis, "The Origins of the Industrial Revolution in England."
Lane, "Industrialization: The Technology," "Industrialization: Coal and Steam,"
Wednesday, September 30:

Working Class Life

Discussion Readings: The Life of the Industrial Worker in Nineteenth-Century England" (1832); Women Miners in the English Coal Pits (1842).

Industrialization: The People," "Industrialization: Spread and Effects."

Assignments to Complete:  Proposed topics for the Research Paper should be uploaded to Canvas using the appropriate link under "Assignments" by 11:59 pm, October 2You should fill out and submit this form describing the research question which you would like to examine and which theme(s) you will be examining.

Week 7
Monday, October 5:


Discussion Reading: J.S. Mill, excerpts from On Liberty (1859);

"The Utopian Socialists: Charles Fourier," "The Utopian Socialists: Robert Owen and Saint-Simon,"
Wednesday, October 7:


Discussion Reading: Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels, excerpts from The Communist Manifesto  (1848)

"The Age of Ideologies: Reflections on Karl Marx."

Lane, "Anarchism,"
Assignments to Complete: Liberalism and Socialism Paper due October 9

Week 8 (No Class October 12)
Wednesday, October 14:

Cultural Modernism

Discussion Readings: Selection of Love Letters from Oscar Wilde to Alfred "Bosie" Douglas (1892-1897); Oscar Wilde, Selected Prison Writings (1897)

Douglas O. Linder, "The Trials of Oscar Wilde: An Account
"19th c.: Victorian Values," "19th c.: Women's Roles," "19thc.: Sexuality," "19th c.: Fashion. " Lane,   "19thc.: Natural Selection,"  "Feminism," "Symbolic Art."
Kreis, "Nietzsche, Freud and the Thrust Toward Modernism (1)," "Nietzsche, Freud and the Thrust Toward Modernism (2)."

Week 9

Monday, October 19:


Discussion Readings: Cecil Rhodes, "Confession of Faith" (1877); Ruyard Kipling, "The White Man's Burden" (1899);

Watch Was the English East India Company  B.S.?

Evans, "The Scramble for Africa." (Just read the transcripts for these lectures under "Extra Lecture Materials")
Wednesday, October 21:

Discussion Reading: Ernest Renan, Excerpts from "What is a Nation?" (1882)

Evans, "War and Peace in Europe from Napoleon to the Kaiser: The Wars of German Unification, 1864-1871," (Just read the transcripts for these lectures under "Extra Lecture Materials") Sowards, "Nationalism in Hungary,"
Assignments to Complete: Midterm Exam due October 23

Week 10
Monday, October 26:

World War I
Discussion Reading: "Constitution of the "Black Hand."

Watch Were the Causes of WWI B.S.?

Sowards, "The Balkan Causes of World War I;"

Lane, "WWI: The Assassination and Alliances." "The Technology and Trench Warfare," " War Fever and Nationalism,"
Wednesday, October 28:

A Flawed Peace
Discussion Reading: Woodrow Wilson's Fourteen Points (1918)

Lane, "The Peace to End All Peace."
Assignments to Complete: Source Proposal for the Source Criticism Paper  due October 30. You should enter the complete bibliographic information for the sources for this assignment using this form. Make sure to read the directions for the Source Criticism Paper in the syllabus CAREFULLY before filling out the form.

Last day to withdraw from the class without grade penalty is October 30

Week 11

Monday, November 2:

The Russian Revolution
Discussion Readings: Excerpts from the works of V.I. Lenin, (1902, 1917); Rosa Luxemburg, "Democracy and Dictatorship" from The Russian Revolution (1918)
Wednesday, November 4:


Discussion Video: Watch Peer Review in Three Minutes

Watch How Can You Tell If A Website Is B.S. Or Not?

"The Aftermath of the Bolshevik Revolution."
"The Age of Totalitarianism: Stalin and Hitler."
Sowards, "The Legacies of 1917 and 1919."
Assignments to Complete: Source Criticism Paper due November 6  (Your sources MUST be approved by the instructor before you turn this in).

Week 12

Monday, November 9:

Discussion Reading: Adolf Hitler, Excerpts from Several Speeches.

Watch Is Fascism B.S.?

Kreis, "The Age of Anxiety: Europe in the 1920s (1)," "The Age of Anxiety: Europe in the 1920s (2),"
Lane,  "Women and Fascism," "Fascist Italy," "Hitler's Germany."

Wednesday, November 11:

World War II Begins

Discussion Readings: Neville Chamberlain, Excerpts from In Search of Peace; The Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact

Kreis, "Hitler and World War Two."

Week 13

Monday, November 16:

The Eastern Front
Discussion on the research process for the Research Paper

Lane,  "Fascist Expansion," "War: Pacific Theater," "War: European Theater,"
Wednesday, November 18:

The Holocaust
 Discussion Reading: Elie Wiesel, Excerpts from Night (1960)

Is Modern Anti-Semitism B.S.?

Lane, "The Holocaust."
Assignments to Complete: Annotated Bibliography Due November 20

Week 14. (No Class November 25)

Monday, November 23:

The Cold War
Discussion Readings: Winston Churchill, "Iron Curtain" Speech (1946); Josef Stalin's Response to Churchill (1946).

Watch Was The Cold War B.S.?

Kreis, "The Origins of the Cold War,"
Lane, "Cold War: Theater," "Cold War: Fashion,"
Sowards, "Forging the Iron Curtain in the Balkans, 1944-1956."

Week 15

Monday, November 30:
Discussion Reading: Kwame Nkrumah, "Speech to the Organization of African Unity" (1963)

U.S. Office of the Historian, "Decolonization of Asia and Africa, 1945–1960"
Wednesday, December 2:
The Upheaval of the 1960s
Discussion Reading: Simone de Beauvoir, excerpts from The Second Sex (1949);

Watch Is Globalization B.S.?

Kreis, "The Existentialist Frame of Mind," "George Orwell and The Last Man in Europe.""1968: The Year of the Barricades,"
Lane, "Cold War: Gender and Sexuality."
Assignments to Complete: Research Paper due December 4

Week 16
Monday, December 7:
1989 and the Neo-Liberal Order
Discussion Reading: Vaclav Havel, “New Year’s Address to the Nation," (1990)

Was the End of the Cold War B.S.?

Kreis, "
1989: The Walls Came Tumbling Down."
Lane, "65to85: Politics," "65to85: Sexual Revolution," "65to85: Fashion," "65to85: Rock 'n' Roll," "65to85: Postmodernism.
Sowards, "The Failure of Balkan Communism and the Causes of the Revolutions of 1989," "The Yugoslav Civil War."
Assignments to Complete: Final Exam December 9